Healthy Food Quiz – Questions and Answers

Healthy Food Quiz – Questions and Answers

The Healthy Food Quiz: Questions  

Answer key at the bottom of this page

Which is least likely to lower your blood pressure?

  1. low-fat yogurt
  2. cantaloupe
  3. whole-grain bread
  4. spinach
  5. broccoli

Vitamin D may reduce the risk of all but one of these. Which one?

  1. bone loss
  2. colon cancer
  3. gum disease
  4. irritable bowel syndrome
  5. multiple sclerosis

Which is least likely to reduce your risk of diabetes?

  1. whole-grain cereal
  2. nuts
  3. salad dressing
  4. alcoholic beverages
  5. orange juice

Which is least likely to lower your risk of colon cancer?

  1. lean meat
  2. whole-grain bread
  3. low-fat milk
  4. a multivitamin
  5. exercise

Which is least likely to lower your risk of brittle bones (osteoporosis)?

  1. low-fat yogurt
  2. collard greens
  3. olive oil
  4. a multivitamin e. suns
  5. sunshine

Which is least likely to cause food poisoning?

  1. raw sprouts
  2. chicken
  3. salad
  4. mayonnaise
  5. beef

Meat eaters have a higher risk of all but one of these diseases. Which one?

  1. osteoarthritis
  2. diabetes
  3. gout
  4. non-Hodgkins lymphoma
  5. colon cancer

The Healthy Food Quiz: Answers

Which is least likely to lower your blood pressure?

(3) Whole-grain bread. The DASH study (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) showed that a lower-fat diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy foods can lower blood pressure. Researchers aren’t sure whether the potassium, magnesium, calcium, protein, fiber, or other nutrients made the difference.

Vitamin D may reduce the risk of all but one of these. Which one?

(4) IBS (irritable bowel syndrome). Studies suggest that vitamin D may reduce the risk of bone loss, gum disease, multiple sclerosis, and colon cancer. Shoot for 400 IU a day (600 IU if you’re over 70). Good sources include multivitamins, calcium+D supplements, milk, and some yogurts, breads, breakfast cereals, margarines, and orange juices. Sunshine helps .with sunscreen, of course.

Which is least likely to reduce your risk of diabetes?

(5) Orange juice. To dodge diabetes, stay lean and exercise. Studies also find a lower risk in people who drink alcoholic beverages in modest amounts (1-9 drinks a week for men; 1-7  drinks a week for women), as well as those who eat nuts, whole grains, and unsaturated fats. Processed red meats (like bacon, hot dogs, and sausage), trans-fat-laden foods (like French fries, fried chicken, and pie crust), are all a No NO!

Which is least likely to lower your risk of colon cancer?

(1) Lean meat. Meat eaters seem to have a higher risk of colon cancer, even if the meat is lean. Foods that are high in magnesium (like beans, whole grains, and leafy greens) or calcium (like milk, yogurt, and cheese) seem to protect the colon. So do multivitamins (perhaps because they contain the B-vitamin folic acid) as well as daily exercise. May seem difficult but target 55-70 grams of protein a day divided over the day. Makes you start reading labels.  Think about  adding protein powder to your smoothies.

Which is least likely to lower your risk of brittle bones (osteoporosis)?

(3) Olive oil. Foods high in calcium (like milk, cheese, and yogurt), vitamin K (like collards, spinach, and broccoli), potassium (like fruits and vegetables), and vitamin D help strengthen your bones. The best sources of vitamin D are sunshine, a multivitamin, or a calcium+D supplement (see answer #2). Weight-bearing exercise (almost any activity but swimming) also protects bones and may help prevent falls by boosting balance, coordination, and strength.

Which is least likely to cause food poisoning?

(4) Mayonnaise. Fruits and vegetables (like berries, lettuce, and sprouts) can be contaminated in the fields by tainted water or manure, so wash thoroughly. Contaminated poultry, beef, andeggs may cause infections when they’re undercooked, so use a thermometer if you can, Commercial mayonnaise is pasteurized, so it’s relatively safe. (Homemade mayo is another story.)

Meat eaters have a higher risk of all but one of these diseases. Which one?

(1) Osteoarthritis. It’s not clear why people who eat more red meat have a higher risk of non- Hodgkins lymphoma, diabetes, and colon cancer. So mix up your diet with protein packed poultry, fish

So take your glasses when you go to the store next and get in the habit of reading the labels on things before you  put them in the shopping cart.   If you don’t like what the label says put it back on shelf and keep looking for a healthy alternative.

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