The Risk of Falling. Falls can be prevented. These are some simple things you can do to keep yourself from falling.
Talk to Your Doctor
- Ask your doctor or healthcare provider to evaluate your risk for falling and talk with them about specific things you can do.
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist to review your medicines to see if any Rx or OTC meds might make you dizzy or sleepy. This should include prescription medicines and over-the counter medicines.
- Concurrent infections such as urinary tract infections that sometimes and commonly are without symptoms respiratory, and blood stream infections that also can be asymptomatic in our age group.
- Ask your doctor or healthcare provider about taking vitamin D supplements with calcium.
Do Strength and Balance Exercises
Do exercises that make your legs stronger and improve your balance. Tai Chi is a good example of this kind of exercise. It needs to include a combination of walking and muscle strengthening. Each year, one in three adults aged 65 years or older falls. Falls can cause moderate to severe injuries, such as hip fractures and head traumas, and increase the risk of early death. In our age group, falls are the leading cause of injury death. They are also the most common cause of nonfatal injuries and hospital admissions due to trauma. Many people who fall, even if not injured, develop a fear of falling. This fear may cause them to limit their activities, leading to less mobility and decreased of physical fitness. This in turn increases their actual risk of falling.
Have Your Eyes Checked
Have your eyes checked by an eye doctor at least once a year, and be sure to update your eyeglasses if needed.
It you have bifocal or progressive lenses, you may want to get a pair of glasses with only your distance prescription for outdoor activities, such as walking. Sometimes these types of lenses can make things seem closer or farther away than they really are.
Make Your Home Safer
- Get rid of things you could trip over.
- Add grab bars inside and outside your tub or shower and next to the toilet.
- Put railings on both sides of stairs.
- Make sure your home has lots of light by adding more or brighter light bulbs.
Important Facts about falling:
Each year, millions of older people—those 65 and older—fall. In fact, one out of three older people falls each year, but less than half tell their doctor. Falling once doubles your chances of falling again.
Falls Are Serious and Costly
- One out of five falls causes a serious injury such as broken bones or a head injury.1,2
- Each year, 2.5 million older people are treated in emergency departments for fall injuries.3
- Over 700,000 patients a year are hospitalized because of a fall injury, most often because of a head injury or hip fracture.3
- Each year at least 250,000 older people are hospitalized for hip fractures.5
- More than 95% of hip fractures are caused by falling,6 usually by falling sideways.7
- Falls are the most common cause of traumatic brain injuries (TBI).8
- Adjusted for inflation, the direct medical costs for fall injuries are $34 billion annually.9Hospital costs account for two-thirds of the total.
What Can Happen After a fall?
Many falls do not cause injuries. But one out of five falls does cause a serious injury such as a broken bone or a head injury.1,2 These injuries can make it hard for a person to get around, do everyday activities, or live on their own.
- Falls can cause broken bones, like wrist, arm, ankle, and hip fractures.
- Falls can cause head injuries. These can be very serious, especially if the person is taking certain medicines (like blood thinners). An older person who falls and hits their head should see their doctor right away to make sure they don’t have a brain injury.
- Many people who fall, even if they’re not injured, become afraid of falling. This fear may cause a person to cut down on their everyday activities. When a person is less active, they become weaker and this increases their chances of falling.9
What Conditions Make You More Likely to Fall?
Research has identified many conditions that contribute to falling. These are called risk factors. Many risk factors can be changed or modified to help prevent falls. They include:
- Lower body weakness
- Vitamin D deficiency (that is, not enough vitamin D in your system)
- Difficulties with walking and balance
- Use of medicines, such as tranquilizers, sedatives, or antidepressants. Even some over-the-counter medicines can affect balance and how steady you are on your feet.
- Vision problems
- Foot pain or poor footwear
- Home hazards or dangers such as
- broken or uneven steps,
- throw rugs or clutter that can be tripped over, and
- no handrails along stairs or in the bathroom.
Most falls are caused by a combination of risk factors. The more risk factors a person has, the greater their chances of falling.
Healthcare providers can help cut down a person’s risk by reducing the fall risk factors listed above.
–Regular Physical Activity. Ideally this means daily. Regular physical activity is one of the most important things older adults can do for their health. It can prevent or better control many of the health problems that come with age. You need to accumulate 2 hours and 30 minutes (150 minutes) of brisk walking every week. Do muscle-strengthening activities on 2 or more days a week that works legs, hips, back, abdomen, chest, shoulders, and arms. Jogging or running is OK but more risky at our age group.